Axum

Axum is Ethiopia oldest urban settlement. The Axumite kingdom was one of the greatest African civilizations after Egypt and Meroe; it was flourished in the first millennia BC. Axum was the capital and major religion center; it remains the site of many remarkable antiquities,

Gondar

It is situated in the Southern foothill of the Semien Mountains with an average altitude of 2,200 m. above sea level. "The City of the Castles" is one of Ethiopia's most fascinating cities, founded by Emperor Fasilidas in 1636, following the establishment of the city several castles were built in the royal enclosure; each is unique in size and architecture.

Harar

The ancient city of Harar is situated in the East, 523 km from Addis Ababa. It has 99 mosques and shrines due to this it is considered the forth most sacred center of the Islamic world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The old City Wall of Harar is the main attraction and symbol of Islamic architecture.

Lalibela

Lalibela is located in the northern parts of Ethiopia with an elevation of 2,600m above sea level, the city and its churches are considered as one of the wonders of the world and have been declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Is one of the most important holy cities in Ethiopia by its famous rock-hewn churches.

Semien Mountain

The national Park has been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site 1978. It is found in the northern parts of the country about 120 km from Gondar. Semien means ‘North’ in Amharic. Six hundred million years ago, the mountains were an enormous volcanic massif, then rain and ice have carved deep fissures into it and rivers have continued the work of erosion, creating an incredible landscape: high peaks and deep gorges.

Konso

Konso cultural landscape is a 55Km2 arid property of stone walled terraces and fortified Settlement in the Konso highlands of Ethiopia. It constitutes a spectacular example of living Cultural tradition stretching back 21 generations (more than 400 years) adopted to its dry hostile environment.

Lower Omo Valley

The Omo River (also called Omo-Bottego) is an important river of southern Ethiopia. Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and it empties into Lake Turkana on the border with Kenya.

Lower Awash valley

The lower valley of Awash is located at the extreme north-eastern end of Africa Great rift valley, Where excavations since 1973 have revealed a wealth of hominid. UNESCO named the awash valley as a world heritage site because of its sustainable paleo-Anthropological and Archeological resource.

Tiya

Tiya is one of the nine UNESCO world heritage sites in Ethiopia. Is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the soddo region; Tiya Stelae field consists about 36 Stelae which stand between one and two meters high.

Semien Mountain National park

 semien mountain

The national Park has been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site 1978. It is found in the northern parts of the country about 120 km from Gondar. Semien means ‘North’ in Amharic. Six hundred million years ago, the mountains were an enormous volcanic massif, then rain and ice have carved deep fissures into it and rivers have continued the work of erosion, creating an incredible landscape: high peaks and deep gorges. The Semien Mountain massif is a broad plateau, cut off to the north and west by an enormous single crag over 60 kilometers long. To the south, the tableland slopes gently down to 2,200 meters divided by gorges 1,000 meters deep which can take more than two days to cross.

The Semien Mountains host a unique flora and fauna. On the steep slopes the Walia-Ibex, Gelada baboons, Ethiopian Wolf, Hamadryas baboon, Klipspringer, Bushbuck and other endemic mountain animals may be seen. The National Park extends over the entire mountain massif of the Semien. The Semien Mountains are a good place to do a short trekking excursion or a trekking tour of several days. It can easily be reached in 3-4 hours from Gondar. The fascinating panoramic views, the very special environment and the clear sky are worth a visit and a stay.The Semien Mountains are known for their dramatic and spectacular scenery; jagged mountain peaks flank deep valleys and high altitude plains where only grasses, junipers and giant lobelias grow. This is one of the major mountain regions of Africa, home to mountain Ras Dejen (4543m), the fourth highest peak in the continent. Standing on top of a sharp precipice and gazing out over the magnificent landscape here will take your breath away, so it's definitely worth taking a bit of time to explore.

semien mt np

Tips

  • The Walia ibex was held sacred by the pre-Aksumite cultures of northern Ethiopia and is depicted on several 2,500 plus year old artefacts unearthed at Yeha and other sites of similar vintage.

  • The gelada is something of a living fossil: the only surviving member of a once wide-ranging African genus of grazing money ancestral both a baboons and to the drills of the western rainforests.

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