Axum

Axum is Ethiopia oldest urban settlement. The Axumite kingdom was one of the greatest African civilizations after Egypt and Meroe; it was flourished in the first millennia BC. Axum was the capital and major religion center; it remains the site of many remarkable antiquities,

Gondar

It is situated in the Southern foothill of the Semien Mountains with an average altitude of 2,200 m. above sea level. "The City of the Castles" is one of Ethiopia's most fascinating cities, founded by Emperor Fasilidas in 1636, following the establishment of the city several castles were built in the royal enclosure; each is unique in size and architecture.

Harar

The ancient city of Harar is situated in the East, 523 km from Addis Ababa. It has 99 mosques and shrines due to this it is considered the forth most sacred center of the Islamic world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The old City Wall of Harar is the main attraction and symbol of Islamic architecture.

Lalibela

Lalibela is located in the northern parts of Ethiopia with an elevation of 2,600m above sea level, the city and its churches are considered as one of the wonders of the world and have been declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Is one of the most important holy cities in Ethiopia by its famous rock-hewn churches.

Semien Mountain

The national Park has been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site 1978. It is found in the northern parts of the country about 120 km from Gondar. Semien means ‘North’ in Amharic. Six hundred million years ago, the mountains were an enormous volcanic massif, then rain and ice have carved deep fissures into it and rivers have continued the work of erosion, creating an incredible landscape: high peaks and deep gorges.

Konso

Konso cultural landscape is a 55Km2 arid property of stone walled terraces and fortified Settlement in the Konso highlands of Ethiopia. It constitutes a spectacular example of living Cultural tradition stretching back 21 generations (more than 400 years) adopted to its dry hostile environment.

Lower Omo Valley

The Omo River (also called Omo-Bottego) is an important river of southern Ethiopia. Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and it empties into Lake Turkana on the border with Kenya.

Lower Awash valley

The lower valley of Awash is located at the extreme north-eastern end of Africa Great rift valley, Where excavations since 1973 have revealed a wealth of hominid. UNESCO named the awash valley as a world heritage site because of its sustainable paleo-Anthropological and Archeological resource.

Tiya

Tiya is one of the nine UNESCO world heritage sites in Ethiopia. Is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the soddo region; Tiya Stelae field consists about 36 Stelae which stand between one and two meters high.

 

 

Harar

The Walled City

Harar 2

The ancient city of Harar is situated in the East, 523 km from Addis Ababa. It has 99 mosques and shrines due to this it is considered the forth most sacred center of the Islamic world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The old City Wall of Harar is the main attraction and symbol of Islamic architecture.

Harar was established during the 9th century, it was for many centuries a center for Muslim religion and a major commercial centre. trading with the Ethiopian interior, the Gulf of Aden ports, and many Eastern lands, it had its own language , Harari or Adere, which was spoken only within walls , and issued its own currency. The city was moreover also a great centre of Islamic learning.

In the beginning of the 16th century Ahmed Ibn Ibrahim’s nephew and successor, Nur Ibn al-Wazir Mujahid, was forced to erect strong encircling walls for defense against the Oromo’s, preventing them from penetrating the city. The wall is still standing and it is one of the city’s most dominant features and main attraction.

Visitors to Harar should inspect the city’s famous old wall encircled the city, unique Harari house with its architectural features and remarkable handicrafts, the colorful dress of its inhabitants, Harari museum, colorful market and, at night, the ‘hyena man’, who feeds his wild friends, the hyenas, with meat and bones every evening in the open air.

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