Axum

Axum is Ethiopia oldest urban settlement. The Axumite kingdom was one of the greatest African civilizations after Egypt and Meroe; it was flourished in the first millennia BC. Axum was the capital and major religion center; it remains the site of many remarkable antiquities,

Gondar

It is situated in the Southern foothill of the Semien Mountains with an average altitude of 2,200 m. above sea level. "The City of the Castles" is one of Ethiopia's most fascinating cities, founded by Emperor Fasilidas in 1636, following the establishment of the city several castles were built in the royal enclosure; each is unique in size and architecture.

Harar

The ancient city of Harar is situated in the East, 523 km from Addis Ababa. It has 99 mosques and shrines due to this it is considered the forth most sacred center of the Islamic world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The old City Wall of Harar is the main attraction and symbol of Islamic architecture.

Lalibela

Lalibela is located in the northern parts of Ethiopia with an elevation of 2,600m above sea level, the city and its churches are considered as one of the wonders of the world and have been declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Is one of the most important holy cities in Ethiopia by its famous rock-hewn churches.

Semien Mountain

The national Park has been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site 1978. It is found in the northern parts of the country about 120 km from Gondar. Semien means ‘North’ in Amharic. Six hundred million years ago, the mountains were an enormous volcanic massif, then rain and ice have carved deep fissures into it and rivers have continued the work of erosion, creating an incredible landscape: high peaks and deep gorges.

Konso

Konso cultural landscape is a 55Km2 arid property of stone walled terraces and fortified Settlement in the Konso highlands of Ethiopia. It constitutes a spectacular example of living Cultural tradition stretching back 21 generations (more than 400 years) adopted to its dry hostile environment.

Lower Omo Valley

The Omo River (also called Omo-Bottego) is an important river of southern Ethiopia. Its course is entirely contained within the boundaries of Ethiopia, and it empties into Lake Turkana on the border with Kenya.

Lower Awash valley

The lower valley of Awash is located at the extreme north-eastern end of Africa Great rift valley, Where excavations since 1973 have revealed a wealth of hominid. UNESCO named the awash valley as a world heritage site because of its sustainable paleo-Anthropological and Archeological resource.

Tiya

Tiya is one of the nine UNESCO world heritage sites in Ethiopia. Is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the soddo region; Tiya Stelae field consists about 36 Stelae which stand between one and two meters high.

Lalibela

The eighth Wonder of the World

Lalibela

Lalibela is located in the northern parts of Ethiopia with an elevation of 2,600m above sea level, the city and its churches are considered as one of the wonders of the world and have been declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Is one of the most important holy cities in Ethiopia by its famous rock-hewn churches.

After the decline of the Axumite Empire around the 11th century the Zagwe Dynasty took power and shifted the capital south wards to Roha, the present day of Lalibela.

In the second half of the12th century, a prince was born into the heart of the Zagwe Dynasty. He was the youngest of the ruling dynasty and the son of Zan-Siyum. According to legend, his mother observed one day that his cradle was covered by a swarm of bees. Seeing this as a sign of his future greatness, she exclaimed, “Lalibela” which in Agew language means “the bees recognize his sovereignty.” Henceforth he was known by this name. King Lalibela excavated the rock hewn churches in the end of the 12th c and the beginning of 13th c. on the last mountains at Roha, after the death of king Lalibela the ruler credited with the constriction of the churches and renamed the town Lalibela

In Lalibela there are 11 churches carves out of solid red granite rock, which are excavated to represent “New Ethiopian Jerusalem”. The churches are divided into two groups according to their location on both sides of the river called Jordan or Yordanos. In addition there is a single church situated in the west apart from the two groups, Bete Giorgis, it is the most elaborate and famous church excavated in the shape of a perfect Greek cross.                                            

Some of the churches are Bete Medehane Alem, home to Lalibela Cross and believed to be the largest monolithic church in the world, Bete Mariam (house of the Virgin Mary), Bete Golgotha, Bete Amanuel, Abba Libanos and Bete Michael. According to legend, anyone, who enters Bete Golgotha, will go to heaven as it contains Lalibela's tomb and personal treasures. It also contains a recumbent figure of Christ. The churches are even today still used for services and celebrations among the local believers and on big festivals like Fasika (Easter) or Timket (Epiphany), many pilgrims come to worship in this holy site.

Outside of the town center of Lalibela, more interesting churches and monasteries can be found only a short way out of town. Naakuto Leab. Monastery was built up in a half- open natural cave by the last ruler of the Zagwe dynasty. On the slope of Mt. Abune Yosef (4190m), the high Mountain just behind Lalibela, Asheton Mariyam church can be visited by riding on a mule's back and trekking, offering amazing views. In a 45 minutes drive, the rock church of Geneta Mariam and the monastery of Yemrehanna Kristos can be visited from Lalibela.

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